Random Legislators. Part II

Citizen's legislation duty. Adding random legislators at each vote in congress would give big corporations limited opportunity to cultivate murky relationships.
 
There is a common assumption in democracies that all issues must be resolved by a single decision-making body, The Congress. Does it make sense? 1 Contemporary societies deal with new and complex issues every day. The topics in legislation vary: education, economic policy, water legislation, gay marriages, shale gas technologies, genetically modified food, and much more. In order to cope with it, overwhelmed legislators vote what a party ally expert tells them to vote.
Also, having a single-decision body leads to a potentially dangerous concentration of power.
 
We could overcome both problems by adding2 randomly 25% of legislators to congress. For every different vote, a new batch of random legislators would be called in.
 
Random legislators would have two advantages over their elected peers. First, since they would vote for one topic only, random legislators would have plenty of time to analyze the evidence that supports the approval or rejection of the law they would be voting. Random legislators would certainly cast a much more informed vote than their elected peers.
 
The second advantage is that they would be less likely to succumb to vested interests. Since they would be selected for one vote only, there would be very limited opportunity for big corporations to cultivate murky relationships. Self-respect and peer pressure back home would guide their conscience.
 
Two arguments against random legislators are their lack of experience and their lack of time.  With this arrangement, congress would not lack experience. The skills, know-how and public service enthusiasm of the remaining elected legislators would bring the necessary continuity for running the legislative body. Believe it or not, we would still need them.
 
Additionally, lack of time would not be an issue either. Random legislators would have to vote only once. It may take them some weeks dedicated to learning about the intricacy of the topic. It would be a nuisance, like the time spent on jury duty, but short enough to let them return afterwards to their lives without much trouble.
 
Some rules may apply for selecting random legislators. People with criminal records should be crossed out. Having a college degree should be a requirement. After all, 90% of legislators elected with the actual system have a college degree 3. We need the best for the job.
 
Of course, random legislators may be lazy, prejudiced, open to corruption and even dumb. Would this make them any different than an elected politician? 4

(1)    In his book Is Democracy Possible John Burnheim argues that a polity organized by specialized authorities would work better than a know-it-all centralized authority.
(2)    Accidental Politicians: How Randomly Selected Legislators Can Improve Parliament Efficiency. A. Pluchino, C. Garofalo, A. Rapisarda, S. Spagano, M. Caserta
(3)    US Congressional Research Service
(4)    Random Election in Politics. Lyn Carson and Brian Martin. 1999

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